As your understanding of mental health grows, it’s becoming increasingly evident that mental health issues are common across different demographics. Today, more adults struggle with mental health than you might realize, their issues masked by the busyness of modern life. Dr Ryan Sondergard will discuss some of the most common mental health issues faced by adults.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
GAD is characterized by chronic and excessive worry about various aspects of life, from health and finances to work and relationships. This anxiety can be disproportionately high compared to the actual probability or impact of the event. This condition can lead to physical symptoms, including fatigue, restlessness, and difficulty concentrating.
Panic disorder causes panic attacks–unpredictable and intense bouts of fear. These attacks often come with physical symptoms, like a pounding heart, shortness of breath, and dizziness. These episodes can be incredibly frightening for the individual and might occur without an apparent trigger.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Adults with social anxiety disorder experience an intense fear of social situations. They might worry about being judged or embarrassed in front of others, leading to avoidance of social interactions or marked distress during these instances.
Major Depressive Disorder
Major depressive disorder is marked by a prolonged period of intense sadness or loss of interest in activities. Accompanied by symptoms like changes in appetite, sleep disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, it can be debilitating and significantly impact an adult’s life.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and ability to carry out daily tasks. These mood shifts range from manic episodes (periods of high activity and energy) to depressive episodes (periods of low mood and energy), making it a challenging condition to manage.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD can develop after an individual experiences or witnesses a frightening or life-threatening event. Symptoms, according to Dr Ryan Sondergard, might include flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, or uncontrollable thoughts about the event.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions). This disorder often entails rituals, such as hand washing, counting, or cleaning, which are performed with the hope of preventing obsessive thoughts.
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders: Under the Shadow of Addiction
Many adults grapple with substance-related and addictive disorders. These include alcoholism, drug addiction, and addiction to various behaviors like gambling. For Dr Ryan Sondergard, these disorders can have severe repercussions on an individual’s physical health, relationships, and overall quality of life.
The Road to Recovery: Encouraging Open Conversations
While the mental health challenges adults face can be daunting, it’s important to remember that help is available and recovery is possible. Yet, one of the key barriers to seeking help remains the societal stigmas and lack of understanding. This is why fostering open, honest conversations around mental health can play a profound role in supporting adults facing these struggles.
Awareness of these common mental health issues can empower you to recognize symptoms, either in yourself or your loved ones, and seek professional help promptly. By placing mental health in the forefront, you can create communities that champion mental wellness, promoting healthier, happier lives for adults everywhere.